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Montenegro is a country in Southeastern Europe. It has a coast on the Adriatic Sea to the south-west and is bordered by Croatia to the west, Bosnia and Herzegovina to the northwest, Serbia to the northeast, Kosovo to the east and Albania to the south-east. Its capital and largest city is Podgorica, while Cetinje is designated as the Prijestonica, meaning the former Royal Capital City. In the 10th century, there existed three Slavic principalities on the territory of Montenegro: Duklja, roughly corresponding to the southern half, Travunia, the west, and Rascia, the north. In 1042, archon Stefan Vojislav led a revolt that resulted in the independence of Duklja and the establishment of the Vojislavljevi\u0107 dynasty. Duklja reached its zenith under Vojislav's son, Mihailo (1046\u201381), and his son Bodin (1081\u20131101). By the 13th century, Zeta had replaced Duklja when referring to the realm. In the late 14th century, southern Montenegro came under the rule of the Bal\u0161i\u0107 noble family, then the Crnojevi\u0107 noble family, and by the 15th century, Zeta was more often referred to as Crna Gora. As the Crnojevi\u0107 dynasty disintegrated, Montenegro was ruled by its Bishops until 1696, and then by the House of Petrovi\u0107-Njego\u0161 until 1918. From 1918, it was a part of Yugoslavia. On the basis of an independence referendum held on 21 May 2006, Montenegro declared independence on 3 June of that year. Montenegro is classified by the World Bank as a middle-income country. Montenegro is a member of the UN, the World Trade Organization, the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe, the Council of Europe, the Central European Free Trade Agreement and a founding member of the Union for the Mediterranean. Montenegro is currently an official candidate for membership in the European Union and official candidate for membership of NATO.





Montenegro Top Facts

Montenegro
Montenegro is a country in Southeastern Europe. It has a coast on the Adriatic Sea to the south-west and is bordered by Croatia to the west, Bosnia and Herzegovina to the northwest, Serbia to the northeast and Albania to the southeast. Its capital and largest city is Podgorica, while Cetinje is designated as the Prijestonica (Пријестоница), meaning the former Royal Capital City.
MontenegroStates and territories established in 2006Countries of the Mediterranean SeaRepublicsEuropean countriesSlavic countriesMontenegroMember states of the United NationsBalkansLiberal democraciesMember states of the Union for the MediterraneanSerbo-Croatian-speaking countries

Serbia and Montenegro
Serbia and Montenegro was a country in southeastern Europe, formed from two former republics of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (SFRY): Serbia and Montenegro. Following the breakup of Yugoslavia, it was established in 1992 as a federation called the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (FRY; Serbian: Савезна Република Југославија, СРЈ; Savezna Republika Jugoslavija, SRJ).
Serbia and MontenegroFormer countries in EuropeFormer member states of the United NationsStates and territories disestablished in 2006Former Slavic countriesSerbia and MontenegroFormer confederationsStates and territories established in 2003

Montenegrins
Montenegrins are a South Slavic people, associated with Montenegro.
MontenegrinsMontenegrin societyEthnic groups in MontenegroEthnic groups in VojvodinaMontenegrin peopleSlavic ethnic groupsEthnic groups in EuropeSouth SlavsEthnic groups in SerbiaSlavic nations

Montenegrin language
Montenegrin (Crnogorski jezik, Црногорски језик) is a name used for the Serbo-Croatian language as spoken by Montenegrins; it also refers to an incipient standardized form of the Shtokavian dialect of Serbo-Croatian used as the official language of Montenegro. The same subdialect of Shtokavian is also the basis of standard Bosnian, Croatian and Serbian, so all are mutually intelligible and are a single language by that criterion despite being distinct national standards.
Montenegrin languageMontenegrin language

Yugoslavs
Yugoslavs is a designation that was originally designed to refer to a united South Slav people. It has been used in two connotations, the first in an ethnic or supra-ethnic connotation, and the second as a term for citizens of the former Yugoslavia.
YugoslavsYugoslav peopleEthnic groups in the United StatesEthnic groups in VojvodinaEthnic groups in EuropeSouth SlavsEthnic groups in SloveniaEthnic groups in Bosnia and HerzegovinaEthnic groups in SerbiaDemographics of Yugoslavia

Bar, Montenegro
Bar is a coastal town in Montenegro. It has a population of 17,727 (2011 census). Bar is the centre of municipality and a major seaport of Montenegro.
Bar, MontenegroPort cities and towns of the Adriatic SeaMunicipalities of MontenegroPopulated places in MontenegroBar, MontenegroMediterranean port cities and towns in Montenegro

Serbian Radical Party
The Serbian Radical Party (Serbian: Српска радикална странка, Srpska radikalna stranka, SRS) is a far-right Serbian nationalist political party in Serbia, founded in 1991. Formerly the second-largest party in the Serbian National Assembly, it has branches in three of the nations that border Serbia – all former federal republics of Yugoslavia.
Serbian Radical PartyGreater Serbian ideologyEurosceptic parties1991 establishments in SerbiaRight-wing populismPolitical parties in SerbiaPolitical parties established in 1991Serbian Radical PartyNationalist parties

Serbia national under-21 football team
The Serbia national under-21 football team is the national under-21 football team of Serbia and is controlled by the Football Association of Serbia. This team is for Serbian players aged 21 or under at the start of a two-year UEFA European Under-21 Football Championship campaign, so players can be, and often are, up to 23 years old. Also in existence are teams for Under-20s (for non-UEFA tournaments), Under-19s and Under 17s.
Serbia national under-21 football teamSerbia national football teamYouth association football by countryEuropean national under-21 association football teams

Montenegro national football team
Montenegro Shirt badge/Association crestNickname(s) Hrabri sokoli ("The Brave Falcons")Association Football Association ofMontenegroConfederation UEFAHead coach Branko BrnovićAsst coach Anto Drobnjak Savo Milošević Dragoje LekovićCaptain Mirko VučinićMost caps Simon Vukčević (34)Top scorer Mirko Vučinić (12)Home stadium Stadion Pod Goricom Podgorica, MontenegroFIFA code MNEFIFA ranking 55Highest FIFA ranking 16 Lowest FIFA ranking 199 Elo ranking 57Highest Elo ranking 38 Lowest Elo ranking 60 Team colours File:Kit body.
Montenegro national football teamEuropean national association football teamsNational sports teams of MontenegroMontenegro national football teamFootball in Montenegro

Serbia national basketball team
The Serbian national basketball team (Serbian: Кошаркашка репрезентација Србије / Košarkaška reprezentacija Srbije) represents Serbia in international basketball matches. FIBA considers Serbian national basketball team the direct successor of Serbia and Montenegro, but not of SFR Yugoslavia. Previously (1946–1991) Serbia was part of Yugoslav national basketball team.
Serbia national basketball teamNational sports teams of SerbiaBasketball in SerbiaEuroBasket-winning countriesNational basketball teams

Montenegrin passport
The Montenegrin passport is the primary document of international travel issued by Montenegro. The passport is issued by the Ministry of Interior or, if the citizen resides abroad, at the embassy. Besides serving as proof of identity and of citizenship, they facilitate the process of securing assistance from Montenegrin consular officials abroad, if needed. Citizens can not have multiple passports at the same time.
Montenegrin passportGovernment of MontenegroPassports by country

Montenegrin First League
The First League of Montenegro is the top football league in Montenegro. It is headed by the Football Association of Montenegro. 12 teams participate in this league. The winner of the Montenegrin First League starts the qualifications for the UEFA Champions League from the second round. The second placed team and the National Cup winner play in the qualifying rounds of the UEFA Europa League. The 11th- and 12th-placed teams are relegated to the Montenegrin Second League.
Montenegrin First LeagueNational association football premier leaguesMontenegrin First LeagueFootball competitions in Montenegro

Montenegrin independence referendum, 2006
An independence referendum was held in Montenegro on 21 May 2006. It was approved by 55.5% of voters, narrowly passing the 55% threshold. By 23 May, preliminary referendum results were recognized by all five permanent members of the United Nations Security Council, indicating widespread international recognition of Montenegro once independence would be formally declared.
Montenegrin independence referendum, 20062006 referendumsPolitics of MontenegroMontenegro–Serbia relationsReferendums in Montenegro2006 in Montenegro2006 in international relationsIndependence referendums

Petar II Petrović-Njegoš

Petar II Petrović-Njegoš

Principality of Montenegro
The Principality of Montenegro was a former realm in Southeastern Europe. It existed from 13 March 1852 to 28 August 1910. It was then proclaimed a kingdom by Knjaz Nikola, who then became king. The capital of the Principality was at Cetinje and used the Montenegrin Perper as its currency from 1906. The area of the principality roughly consisted of the central area of modern Montenegro. It was a Constitutional Monarchy but de-facto absolutist.
Principality of Montenegro1910 disestablishmentsPrincipality of MontenegroFormer Slavic countriesStates and territories established in 1852History of Montenegro

Serb clans
Serb clans (Serbian: Српска племена, Serb tribes) is a general term referring to what are known as plemena (племена, tribes) and bratstva (братства, clan/brotherhood), traditional geo-political units of the Western Balkans that now richly attest social anthropology and family history (geneaology). The descendants of the clans are divided by regional and lately, national affiliation. It has traditionally been viewed as an ethnic Serb tradition.
Serb clansSerbian genealogySerb peopleMontenegro-related listsSerb clansMontenegrin peopleHistory of MontenegroSerbs of Montenegro

House of Petrović-Njegoš

House of Petrović-Njegoš

Serbian Campaign (World War I)
The Serbian Campaign was fought from late July 1914, when Austria-Hungary invaded Serbia at the outset of the First World War, until late 1915, when the Macedonian Front was formed. The front ranged from the Danube to southern Macedonia and back north again, involving forces from almost all combatants of the war. The Serbian Army declined severely towards the end of the war, falling from about 420,000 at its peak to about 100,000 at the moment of liberation.
Serbian Campaign (World War I)Austria-Hungary in World War IBulgaria in World War ISerbia in World War ICampaigns and theatres of World War IWars involving the Balkans

Venetian Albania
Venetian Albania was the name for the possessions of the Venetian Republic in southern Dalmatia that existed from 1420 to 1797. It originally covered the coastal area of what is now northern Albania and the coast of Montenegro, but the Albanian and southern Montenegrin parts were lost to the Ottomans in 1571.
Venetian AlbaniaTerritories of the Republic of VeniceHistory of CroatiaMedieval AlbaniaBay of KotorDalmatiaHistory of Austria-HungaryHistory of Montenegro

Parliament of Montenegro
The Parliament of Montenegro is the unicameral legislature of Montenegro. The Parliament currently has 81 members, each elected for a four-year term. The current Speaker of the Parliament is Ranko Krivokapić, while the deputy speakers are Željko Šturanović and Rifat Rastoder. Following an independence referendum, the Parliament declared and ratified the independence of Montenegro on 3 June 2006.
Parliament of MontenegroPolitics of MontenegroParliaments by countryGovernment of MontenegroUnicameral legislaturesNational legislatures

Bijelo Polje
Bijelo Polje is a town in northeastern Montenegro on the Lim River. It has a urban population of 15,400 (2011 census). It is the administrative, economic, cultural and educational centre of North Montenegro. Bijelo Polje is the center of municipality (population of 46,051). It is the unofficial center of the north-eastern region of Montenegro. Bijelo Polje means "White Field" in Serbo-Croatian.
Bijelo PoljeMunicipalities of MontenegroSandžakPopulated places in Montenegro

Basketball League of Serbia
Basketball League of Serbia is the highest professional club basketball league in Serbia. It was founded in 2006.
Basketball League of SerbiaBasketball in SerbiaBasketball leagues in Europe

Foreign relations of Austria
The 1955 Austrian State Treaty ended the four-power occupation and recognized Austria as an independent and sovereign state. In October 1955, the Federal Assembly passed a constitutional law in which "Austria declares of her own free will her perpetual neutrality. " The second section of this law stated that "in all future times Austria will not join any military alliances and will not permit the establishment of any foreign military bases on her territory.
Foreign relations of AustriaForeign relations of Austria

Šid

Šid

Kingdom of Montenegro (1941–1944)

Kingdom of Montenegro (1941–1944)

Serbian Cup
The Serbian Cup is the national football cup of Serbia. For sponsorship reasons it is referred as Lav Cup of Serbia from 2007 to 2010. The winner of the competition gets a spot in the UEFA Europa League qualifying round.
Serbian CupFootball competitions in SerbiaNational association football cupsSerbian Cup

Party of Democratic Action
The Party of Democratic Action (Bosnian: Stranka Demokratske Akcije, SDA) is a Bosniak national political party in Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Party of Democratic ActionPolitical parties in Bosnia and Herzegovina

RTCG
Radio Television of Montenegro is the public broadcasting organization of Montenegro. A state-owned company with its headquarters in Podgorica, it is made up of Radio Montenegro and Montenegro Television (TVCG - Televizija Crne Gore). In July 2001, RTCG became a joint member of the European Broadcasting Union (EBU), and became a full member of the EBU upon the declaration of Montenegrin independence in 2006.
RTCGTelevision stations in MontenegroMultilingual broadcastersPublicly funded broadcastersTelevision companies

List of Serb countries and regions
This is a list of Serb countries and regions throughout history, sometimes called Serb lands by historians (Serbian: Српске земље, Srpske zemlje). It includes empires, countries, states, provinces, regions and territories that have or had in the past one of the following characteristics: An ethnic Serb majority Serbs are an official, constitutional or titular nation Serbian as an official language A Serb ruling class or dynasty
List of Serb countries and regionsHistorical regions in SerbiaSerbia-related listsHistory of Serbia by themeSerbian peoplePolitical history of SerbiaHistory of the Serbs

List of The Simpsons characters
Along with the Simpson family, The Simpsons includes a large array of characters: co-workers, teachers, family friends, extended relatives, townspeople, local celebrities, and fictional characters. The creators originally intended many of these characters as one-time jokesters or for fulfilling needed functions in the town. A number of them have gained expanded roles and subsequently starred in their own episodes.
List of The Simpsons charactersLists of The Simpsons characters

Petar I Petrović-Njegoš

Petar I Petrović-Njegoš

Ashkali and Balkan Egyptians
In the Balkans, the Ashkali (also Hashkali, Aškalije, Haškalije) and Egyptians (Balkan Egyptians, Jevgs, Egjiptjant or Gjupci) are Albanian-speaking ethnic minorities (recognized communities) of Kosovo and Albania. Observers consider them Albanized Romanies, but they do not self-identify as such. Prior to the Kosovo War of 1999, Albanized Roma registered themselves as Albanians.
Ashkali and Balkan EgyptiansEthnic groups in KosovoEthnic groups in AlbaniaMuslim communities in EuropeAshkaliEthnic groups in the BalkansEthnic groups in VojvodinaEthnic groups in Serbia

Government of Montenegro
The Government of Montenegro is the executive branch of state authority in Montenegro. It is headed by the prime minister. It comprises the prime minister, the deputy prime ministers as well as ministers. Igor Lukšić is the current Prime Minister of Montenegro and Head of Government. The current members of the cabinet were elected on 29 December 2010 by the majority vote in the Parliament of Montenegro.
Government of MontenegroGovernment of Montenegro

Foreign relations of France
A charter member of the United Nations, France holds one of the permanent seats in the Security Council and is a member of most of its specialized and related agencies.
Foreign relations of FranceForeign relations of France

Elena of Montenegro
Elena of Montenegro (born Princess Jelena Petrović-Njegoš of Montenegro) (8 January 1873 – 28 November 1952) was the daughter of King Nikola I Petrović-Njegoš of Montenegro and his wife, Milena Vukotić. As wife of Victor Emmanuel III of Italy, she was Queen of Italy from 1900 until 1946.
Elena of Montenegro1952 deaths1873 birthsHouse of SavoyPeople from CetinjePrincesses of PiedmontMontenegrin princessesEmpresses and imperial consorts of EthiopiaItalian queens consortAlbanian royal consortsConverts to Roman Catholicism from Eastern OrthodoxyHouse of Petrovic-NjegošItalian Roman CatholicsItalian people of Montenegrin descent

Montenegro national under-21 football team
The Montenegro national under-21 football team is the national under-21 football team of Montenegro and is controlled by the Football Association of Montenegro. The team competes in the European Under-21 Football Championship, held every two years.
Montenegro national under-21 football teamYouth association football by countryMontenegro national football teamEuropean national under-21 association football teamsFootball in Montenegro

Republic of Montenegro (1992–2006)

Republic of Montenegro (1992–2006)

Metropolitanate of Montenegro and the Littoral
The Metropolitanate of Montenegro is the largest diocese of the Serbian Orthodox Church in Montenegro. Founded in 1219 by Saint Sava, it is now one of the most prominent dioceses in the Serbian Orthodox Church. The current Metropolitan is Amfilohije. His current title is "Archbishop of Cetinje and Metropolitan of Montenegro and the Littoral".
Metropolitanate of Montenegro and the LittoralReligious sees of the Serbian Orthodox ChurchCetinjeSerbian Orthodox Church in Montenegro1219 establishmentsReligion in Montenegro

Anti-bureaucratic revolution
Anti-bureaucratic revolution refers to a series of mass protests against governments of Yugoslav republics and autonomous provinces in 1988 and 1989. These events led to resignations of leaders in SAP Kosovo, SAP Vojvodina and SR Montenegro, who were replaced by politicians close to Slobodan Milošević, leader of SR Serbia.
Anti-bureaucratic revolutionGreater Serbian ideologyYugoslav Serbia20th-century revolutionsSecond YugoslaviaHistory of VojvodinaCoupsHistory of Montenegro

Serbs of Montenegro
Montenegrin Serbs compose the second largest ethnic group in Montenegro (28.73% in 2011), after the Montenegrins. The presence of Serbs in Montenegro is first attested in the Middle Ages; since the 1910 census, when ethnicity was recorded, they formed the absolute majority of the country until the 1948 census, in which the option of the identification as a Montenegrin was allowed.
Serbs of MontenegroSerb peopleMontenegrin peopleSerbs of MontenegroEthnic groups in Montenegro

Arlington Independent School District
Arlington Independent School District or AISD is a school district based in Arlington, Texas. The district covers the majority of Arlington and portions of Grand Prairie. The district serves the entirety of the small towns of Pantego and Dalworthington Gardens. A portion of Fort Worth lies within the district; it only contains a wastewater plant. No Fort Worth residents are zoned to Arlington ISD schools. The current superintendent of Arlington Independent School District is Jerry McCullough.
Arlington Independent School DistrictArlington Independent School DistrictSchool districts in Tarrant County, TexasSchool districts in Texas

Montenegrin Second League
The Second League of Montenegro is the second top football league in Montenegro. It is headed by the Football Association of Montenegro.12 teams participate in this league.
Montenegrin Second LeagueMontenegrin Second LeagueFootball competitions in Montenegro

President of Montenegro
The President of Montenegro is the head of state of Montenegro. The current president is Filip Vujanović, who was reelected in the first round of the 2008 presidential election with 51.9% of the vote. The official residence of the President is located in the former royal capital Cetinje.
President of MontenegroGovernment of MontenegroPolitics of MontenegroPresidents of Montenegro

Danilo I, Prince of Montenegro
Prince Danilo I Petrović-Njegoš, (known once as Vladika Danilo II),, son of Stiepo/Sava Petrović-Njegoš and wife Angelika Radamovich. Prince Danilo I, was the prince-bishop and later prince of Montenegro from 1851 to 1860. During his reign, Montenegro became a secular state, a lay principality instead of a bishopric-principality.
Danilo I, Prince of MontenegroMontenegrin metropolitansMontenegrin nobilityMontenegrin people1826 births1860 deathsHouse of Petrovic-NjegošPrince-Bishops of Montenegro

2005–06 Serbia and Montenegro SuperLiga

2005–06 Serbia and Montenegro SuperLiga

Serbia national under-19 football team
The Serbia national under-19 football team is the national under-19 football team of Serbia and is controlled by the Football Association of Serbia. The team is considered the successor to the Serbia and Montenegro national under-19 football team, which in turn was the successor to the Yugoslavia national under-19 football team.
Serbia national under-19 football teamSerbia national football teamEuropean national under-19 association football teams

University of Montenegro
The University of Montenegro (Montenegrin: Univerzitet Crne Gore, Универзитет Црнe Горe) is a university located in Podgorica, Montenegro. It was founded in 1974 and is organized in 20 Faculties.
University of MontenegroUniversities in MontenegroPodgorica

Municipalities of Montenegro
Montenegro has 21 municipalities, and two urban municipalities (градска општина, gradska opština), subdivisions of Podgorica municipality.
Municipalities of MontenegroLists of country subdivisionsCountry subdivisions of EuropeMunicipalities of MontenegroMontenegro-related listsFirst-level administrative country subdivisionsSubdivisions of Montenegro

Liberal Alliance of Montenegro
The Liberal Alliance of Montenegro was a liberal political party in Montenegro. The party used to be a member of Liberal International. LSCG was the first political party to advocate independent Montenegro, and was a strong supporter of the independence idea throughout its existence. It was also the only party that openly opposed to Montenegrin involvement into war in Croatia and bombing of Dubrovnik in 1991.
Liberal Alliance of MontenegroPolitical parties in MontenegroDefunct liberal political partiesPolitical parties established in 1990Political parties disestablished in 2005

Tara (Drina)
The Tara is a river in Montenegro and Bosnia and Herzegovina. It emerges from the confluence of the Opasnica and Veruša Rivers in the Komovi mountain, part of Dinaric Alps of Montenegro. The total length is 144 km, of which 104 km are in Montenegro, while the final 40 km are in Bosnia and Herzegovina; it also forms the border between the two countries in several places.
Tara (Drina)Rivers used for whitewater recreationProkletije MountainsRivers of Bosnia and HerzegovinaRivers of MontenegroInternational rivers of EuropeBiosphere reserves of Montenegro